Occupational therapy is treatment to help people live as independently as possible. Occupational therapists work with people of all ages who, because of illness, injury, developmental delays, or psychological problems, need assistance in learning skills to help them lead independent, productive, and satisfying lives. Occupational therapists use work, self-care, and recreational activities to increase independent function.
Occupational therapy can include:
- Assistance and training in performing daily activities.
- Physical exercises, to increase good posture and joint motion as well as overall strength and flexibility.
- Instruction in protecting your joints and conserving your energy.
- Evaluation of your daily living needs and assessment of your home and work environments. Your occupational therapist may recommend changes in those environments that may help you continue your activities.
- Assessment and training in the use of assistive devices. Examples are special key-holders for people who have stiff hands, computer-aided adaptive equipment, and wheelchairs.
- Fitting splints or braces.
- Guidance for family members and caregivers.