Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in or just outside of the anus. If you have hemorrhoids, you might notice a painful lump outside the anus. You might also notice bleeding or itching.
For most external hemorrhoids, home treatment is all you need. This includes slowly adding fiber to your meals, drinking more water, and using an ointment to stop itching. The same treatment can be used for most internal hemorrhoids. If your internal hemorrhoids are severe, you may need medical treatment.
Medicines can help relieve symptoms of hemorrhoids. Nonprescription remedies you can try include:
Ointments that protect the skin. They reduce itching. Examples include zinc oxide and petroleum jelly.
Suppositories. These products help relieve irritation. They include Preparation H and Tucks.
1% hydrocortisone ointment. This is a type of steroid medicine. It may relieve inflammation and itching.
Products that numb an area. Although these products help some people, others become allergic to them. Ask your doctor before you use them. These products often have "-caine" in the name or the ingredients.
Nonprescription pain relievers. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) can help with pain. Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve) can help with pain and swelling.