Endometrial ablation is a procedure that effectively destroys the lining of the uterus and is often performed to treat heavy bleeding or to correct long-lasting and heavy periods. This procedure can often help to treat anemia as well. Anemia is a condition in which your blood lacks hemoglobin, an iron-rich protein, and can result from a significant loss of blood or from a lack of iron.
There are many different ablation methods, including the use of heated fluids (hydrothermal), radio waves, and microwave energy. After a doctor performs an ablation, the patient’s periods could become lighter or they may cease completely.
Prior to having an ablation, a patient has to be evaluated in the office with an ultrasound and endometrial biopsy. Endometrial ablation is performed under anesthesia and recovery after the procedure is usually within 2-3 days.