Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)


Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a serious infection of a woman's uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. If it's not treated right away, PID can cause scar tissue in the pelvic organs and lead to infertility. It can also cause other long-term problems, such as pelvic pain and tubal (ectopic) pregnancy.

The most common symptom of PID is pain in the lower belly. It's often described as cramping or a dull and constant ache. It may get worse during bowel movements, during sex, or when you urinate. Some women may also have a fever, more vaginal discharge than usual, or irregular menstrual bleeding.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is usually treated with a broad-spectrum antibiotic, which kills more than one type of bacteria.

How long you need to take antibiotics depends on your infection and the type of antibiotic used. Although you may feel better before you have taken all of your pills, don't stop taking them. If you stop too soon, your infection may return.

Treatment usually takes 14 days. But the number of days you continue to take antibiotics depends on your infection and the type of antibiotic medicine. You may also be able to use a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) to relieve PID pain or discomfort.

It sometimes takes more than one course of medicine to cure PID. Sometimes bacteria can become resistant to an antibiotic. This means that the antibiotic is no longer effective against the bacteria. In this case, you'll need to try another type of antibiotic.